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anatomy

by alex
(las vegas nv)

I just passed my exam but i want to be sure of some questions like; your client is jogging downhill, what is the the primary muscle action in this exercise;

soleus
gastrocnemius
posterior tibialis
peroneus longus

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Need Help with these Questions

by Ray
(Provo, Utah, USA)

Circumferences can also be used to estimate body-fat percentage.

A client will be recommended one of the five food profiles. A proper food profile for an individual

Is the amount of calories recommended to reach the goal
Is the recommended percentage of carbohydrates, protein and fat
Can improve the client's energy levels and increase satiety
Both b and c
None of the above

Which of the following best explains the Exercise/Weight Loss Paradox?

Getting in better shape and losing weight can lend themselves to hitting a plateau
Exercising and weight loss are synonymous
Exercise and weight loss will both assist with the ability to burn more calories in the long term
There is no such thing as an Exersice/Weight Loss Paradox

Why are low-carbohydrate diets (less than 40%) not effective for maintaining fat loss?

Low energy via low glycogen stores and reduces blood glucose
Eventual carbohydrate cravings occur
They are conductive to long term fat loss
both a and b

Protein can be used to build muscle primarily if:
You consume lots of it
The proper stimulas is provided
Your energy needs have been met
Only if it is whey protein
both b and c

During an adaptation phase, what is the recommended range of protein intake for a recreational athlete?
.8g/kg
1.2-1.8g/kg
2.0-3.1g/kg
1.8g per pound of body weight

How should a client's cardio-respiratory intensity be monitored?

Using a formula (Karvonen) coupled with a perceived exertion assessment (Talk Test)
Using a formula (Karvonen) is always adequate
Intensity is not an issue
A client should perform cardio-respiratory activity at any intensity that feels comfortable

For the goal of LBM gain, an individual may not need to participate in cardio-respiratory activity

Cardio-respiratory activity can only be performed prior to resistance training?

Which of the following will have the most potentially positive impact for an individual with a fat loss goal?

30 minutes of Cardio at 60-65% of maximum heart rate
30 minutes of Cardio at 70-75% of maximum heart rate
30 minutes of Cardio at 80-85% of maximum heart rate
All have an equally positive affect

In order to lose fat, an individual should perform low intensity cardio-respiratory activity (<55% THR)

The Controlled Release Delivery System uses a (an)___________ process to release nutrients to favorable sites of absorption and provides protection from antagonistic nutrients.

Absorbing
Time released
Enrobing
Saturation

Why is NOT offering a supplement recommendation to a client seen as irresponsible?

Many clients are going to supplement anyway, so why shouldn't you cash in
Certain compounds are necessary to overcome a training plateau
Many clients are going to supplement anyway and you have the unique opportunity to educate on proper use
It isn't irresponsible, the clients get great advise from members of the gymy

Apex Resist Carbs (Resist 1) contains HCA, which has been shown to:
Increase endurance
Reduce conversion of carbohydrates to fat
Increase muscle-protein synthesis

Meal-replacement formulas or Fitness Fast Food (FFF) can:
Increase compliance and satiety
Provide calories when food is inconvenient
Aid in recovery from exercise
All of the above

The Controlled Release Delivery system:
Releases nutrients according to the target tissue? ability to use them
Helps maintain a healthy nutrient level 24 hours a day
Is time released
Both a and b

What are the three goals of addressing food intake properly?
Incease energy, reduce the incidence of disease, and increase number of meals
Increase or maintain health, Increase energy, and decrease illness
Reduce hunger, reduce the incidence of desease, and increase satiety (satisfaction)
Increase or maintain health, Increase energy levels, Increase satiety (satisfaction)

Considering how exercise affects metabolism, which of these is not an example of how exercise can slow metabolism?
Loss of lean muscle tissue
Under training
Adaptation phase ends
Enhanced physical condition

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WOW
by: Anonymous

Who's test is this? It seems very poorly constructed...

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Musculoskeletal

by Dennis Corum
(Southgate, MI. US.)

The enlargement of muscle cells is referred to as?

A. Hyperplasia
B. Hypertrophy

Answer: Hypertrophy

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vertebral bone density

I have the nsca practice exam volume 1 and there's a question regarding increasing vertebral bone mineral density of a client who is at risk of osteoporosis and which exercise is most effective to increase it. The NSCA practice exam answer is front squat. You ask a similiar question on your exam but the client already has osteoporosis and wants to increase vertebral bone density. The answer you give is back extensions. Which exercice is the correct answer?

Sincerely,

Karen Saroyan

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Vertebral Bone density
by: Glen Edward Mitchell

Both Answers are Correct! But The squat is the test answer.........

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vertrarre density exercise
by: Anonymous

how do u know that on the test the awnser is squat??????????

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answer
by: Anonymous

I would also say front squat as it is an axial loaded exercise

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Personal Training Client assessment

by pinoy
(philippines)

Questions: What are the Risk management Protocols when performing personal training client assessment?

The answer to the question is below...

Answer: identification of risks, evaluation of risks, select an approach for managing each risk, implementation, evaluation

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programing

by Dr.Manjiri
(Pune india)

Question: to lose fats in butts which is benificial?

A-strength training
B-cardio
C-squats



ANSWER- SQUATS

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Spot Reduction
by: Your Personal Gym

Contrary to what the infomercials suggest there is no such thing as spot reduction. Fat is lost throughout the body in a pattern dependent upon genetics, sex (hormones), and age. Overall body fat must be reduced to lose fat in any particular area. Although fat is lost or gained throughout the body it seems the first area to get fat, or the last area to become lean, is the midsection (in men and some women, especially after menopause) and hips and thighs (in women and few men). Sit-ups, leg raises, squats, hip adduction/abduction simply exercise the muscle under the fat.

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NO SPOT REDUCTION
by: Anonymous

All the Crap they put on TV about Spot reduction is a LIE. Their job is to get your money even though the stuff they sell is a lie.

-------------------------------------

Do cardio most days of the week less than 60 min of moderate intensity to target BODY FAT.

And do Strenght training 3 times a week with one day rest in between to build those muscle. Here are some good glute exercises:

squads
lunges
climb stairs

Squad is the best exercise for the lower body to build strentgh and endurance (depending on the program setting).


Good Luck

LC - CPT

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fat reduction
by: Anonymous

I know spot reduction works as the muscle grows in that area more fat will be burned in the surrounding area. Also the larger the muscle becomes, the less fat inside the muscle tissue. also I know people who exercise but do no abdominal work and are cut everywhere except the belly where they have extra visceral and surface fat.

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2 dumb qeustions on the test!

by confused
(chicago)

i have recently failed the ace test and remember two really dumb qeustions on there that i cannot find the answer to

1) if ur client complains about their feet making too much nose on the treadmill this is a result of?
2) what has more calcium bluberries, salmon with bones, whole weat toast

these answers r not in the book!

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A little mental and physical effort goes a long way.
by: Anonymous

A 4 oz portion of canned salmon with bones has about 200mg of calcium, or 20% of the RDA for most adults. Which is kind of a tricky common sense question. Tricky because "common sense" doesn't serve us well in science. Like which falls faster from and elevated position, baseball or bowling ball? Without science common sense would lean toward the bowling ball. If it weren't for this I might rip on ya...but in a fun-loving way.

If someone's feet are flopping then they should be lighter on their toes, and it's says, "what should you strengthen."

Gastrocnemius seems like the better answer.

-Jacob

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feet make noise on treadmill
by: Universal Health Club

If someones fet are "flopping" it is more than likely that they are 1.Flat footed. or 2. They dont have the right size shoe. usually to big.

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Feet on treadmill
by: Dr. Mead

Lack of eccentric control would cause the feet to pound on the treadmill. Salmon with bones, because the bones are full of minerals including calcium.

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answer
by: Anonymous

Salmon and it sounds like weak tibialis muscle.

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foot slap
by: Anonymous

Its a weak tibialis anterior that would cause the foot slap on the treadmill

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Help with the body planes please!!

by James

Hello all I'm have a great deal of problem trying to wrap my brain around the idea of the sagittal frontal and transverse plane. I understand that sagittal is left and right and frontal is front and back and transverse is top and bottom. I wanted to figure how you put certain body movements into the correct plane, only to learn sagittal is forward and backward movements frontal was side to side movements and transverse was rotational. I'm a bit lost at the moment If any could give me a good insight on this i would greatly appreciate it. Thanks

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hope this help!!!
by: Al

go to youtube and type in Anatomical Planes very helpful!

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Movements in relation to planes
by: Anonymous

These movements are in the DIRECTION and parallel to the plane. NOT crossing them. I hope this helps you visualize it a little more. So frontal would move side to side because the plane runs through your sides.

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Try this trick
by: Anonymous

Try to understand this

1. imagine a pencil in your hand, when you'll do movement like flexion or extension(by holding a pencil in your hand) u'll draw a line in direction of your nose which is a "Sagital" plane
2. when you'll do any adduction or abduction movement(sideways) , u'll draw a line in direction of your ear..this one called "frontal" plane
3. when you'll do any rotation movement for example spine rotation ..that will b in transverse plane.

friend remember one thing always consider only one joint and not a whole body to find out the plane..Thanks.


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Need more safety questions

by Sara
(Boston, MA)

I think you should add a question on safety, in regards to high risk individuals or preventing injury. Such as:



What are the two types of COPD?

How do you treat tendinitis of the rotator cuffs?

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Now all we need is the answer
by: Katie - Admin

Anybody want to take a try at answering these safety related questions.


Thanks for your submission Sara.

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The answers
by: Jordan

The two types of COPD are emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

Treatment for rotator cuff tendonitis includes rest, ice, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

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2 TYPES
by: Anonymous

OBSTRUCTIVE AND RESTRICTIVE... There are much more than just emphysema and bronchitis. Asthma is another form of obstructive COPD. Barrel Chest and cystic fibrosis are the fewer forms of restrictive COPD. Restrictive is characterized by decrease in general lung functionality ie decreased elasticity due to fibrosis. Obstructive of course being a result of some peripheral obstruction ie mucus and inflammation.

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relating Heart Rate to RPE and Fartlek and others.

by Sholeh
(Vancouver,BC(Canada))

I am not sure how to relate HR in beats per min to RPE and %Max HRR and talk test.
I will greatly appriciate your help.Thanks.

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try this explanation...
by: Technical Fitness Professionals

...regarding relating Borg RPE to HRR % max Sholeh...

** editor's note: url split into two lines for page formatting reasons **

http://ahsmail.uwaterloo.ca/kin356/rpe/rpe
/Training_Atheletics.html#Top_Page_Training_Athletics

...keep fit & stay well!

Tim
Can-Fit-Pro PTS
tfpfitness@gmail.com

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and this blog...
by: Technical Fitness Professionals

...provides some additional background on aerobic training...

http://manasi-totalfitness.blogspot.com/2007/10/what-is-cardiovascular-fitness.html

...that might prove useful.

Tim
Can-Fit-Pro PTS
tfpfitness@gmail.com

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exercise science practice question

Which level of motor control is responsible for the fast reflex response necessary for prevention of injuries? 1st 2nd or 3rd the answer is 3rd.

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Heart Rate Reserve limitations

What limitations should personal trainers consider when trying to set accurate cardiorespiratory training intensities for their clients using percentages of heart-rate reserve?

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Exam Question on Shoulder Extension

Shoulder extension and Flexion

Shoulder extension and Flexion

What is the primary mover in a shoulder extension? I am getting confused. Thanks for your help.

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answer
by: Anonymous

The subscapularis

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Shoulder Extension
by: jaytrainer

I'm sorry to inform whoever wrote the last comment was wrong. The subscapularis is in fact a shoulder stabalizer muscle making up one of four main rotator cuff muscles. However, the subscapularis' primary action is to medially rotate and adduct the humerus.
Therefore the answer you were looking for as far as shoulder extension is Latissimus Dorsi and Teres Major primarily...along with Posterior Deltoid, Infraspinatus, Teres Minor, long head of Triceps and the sternal head of Pectoralis Major.
Hope that helps you!

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Shouler Extension
by: Joey P

I agree with the second answer. The four primary movers are Triceps Brachii, Latissimus dorsi, posterier deltoid and teres major. That is my answer but I suggest further study I may have missed some. Good Luck hope this helps

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Prime Movers in Shoulder Extension
by: Vim

Hi. the prime movers in shoulder extension are Latissimus Dorsi, teres major, posterior deltoid fibres and the pectoralis major up to 90 deg.Hope that helps!

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At a glance
by: Anonymous

PRIMARY: Posterior Deltoid, Tricep, Rhomboids, Teres Major, also little known that the trapezius is used in this manner as well, not just lifting the scapula. SECONDARY: Lateral Deltoid, Outter-most Pecotalis Major. and TETIARY: will be all of the aforementioned stabilizers in the previous blogs posted. Hope that helps.

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Cardiorespiratory Fitness

by Tina Johnson
(Chesterfield, Michigan)

Cardiorespiratory fitness is BEST evaluated by which of the following?

A. Heart-rate recovery rate
B. Submaximal exercise heart rate
C. Maximal oxygen uptake
D. Rating of perceived exertion


***
scroll down for answer
***


Correct answer is C, maximal oxygen uptake.

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Health Concerns of Obesity

by Brandon

Question- What are some health concerns that may arise due to obesity?



Answer- Hypertension, Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke and Type 2 Diabetes

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A bit too easy...
by: Katie - Admin

I wish there were more questions like this on the exams. This is about as easy as they come. Of course we only have the correct answers here.

Anybody want to try making this question a bit tougher?

Thanks for your submission Brandon!


Katie

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TOUGHER QUESTION
by: Anonymous

Maybe... Whats health concern is most associated with obesity?

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Practice Question- Fill the blank

by paulo
(Iceland)

_________is half of the strength program?

That is a very trick question that came on my youth fitness exam.

Anyone can help me with is one?

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Cardio
by: Anonymous

Cardio

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Lame question
by: georgert

This question can be answered in many different ways depending on the context. For instance, some options could be recovery, periodization, specificity, overload, intensity, etc. It's a little like asking for a one word answer to "Safe driving requires ________?
Get a better handle on the subject matter and ask again.

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Possible answer
by: Anonymous

nutrition

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